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Bactrian Camel

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Bactrian Camel

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Bactrian Camel
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Bactrian Camel _Designed by YahooJAPAN ( http://www.thingiverse.com/thing:182086 ) _Camel (genus Camelus), either of two species of large ruminating hoofed mammals of arid Africa and Asia known for their ability to go for long periods without drinking. The Arabian camel, or dromedary (Camelus dromedarius), has one back hump; the Bactrian camel (C. bactrianus) has two. _These “ships of the desert” have long been valued as pack or saddle animals, and they are also exploited for milk, meat, wool, and hides. The dromedary was domesticated about 2000–1300 bce in Arabia, the Bactrian camel by 2500 bce in northern Iran and northeast Afghanistan. Most of today’s 13 million domesticated dromedaries are in India and the Horn of Africa. Wild dromedaries are extinct, although there is a large feral population in interior Australia descended from pack animals imported in the 19th century. About one million domesticated Bactrian camels live from the Middle East to China and Mongolia. Wild Bactrian camels are endangered. The largest population—1,000—lives in the Gobi Desert. _Camels do not walk on their hoofs. Weight is borne on the conjoined pads of the third and fourth toes; the other toes have been lost. Dromedaries have a soft, wide-spreading pad for walking on sand; Bactrian camels have a firmer foot. Like the giraffe’s, the camel’s gait is a pace, with both legs on a side moving together. Short bursts of 65 km (40 miles) per hour are possible, but camels are excellent plodders. Bactrian camels can carry more than 200 kg for 50 km in a day, while the more lightly built dromedaries can carry up to 100 kg for 60 km if they are worked in the coolness of night. _Bactrian camels live not in shifting Sahara sands but in Central and East Asia's rocky deserts. Temperatures in these locales can become searingly hot—over 100°F (38°C) in summer. Yet they can also drop to –20°F (-29°C) in winter. Bactrian camels have developed special adaptations to allow them to survive in such a brutal environment. One is a thick, shaggy coat that protects them in winter and falls away as seasons change and temperatures rise. _Like Arabian camels, Bactrians rarely sweat, helping them conserve fluids for long periods of time. In winter, plants may yield enough moisture to sustain a camel without water for several weeks.When camels do refill, however, they soak up water like a sponge. A very thirsty animal can drink 30 gallons (135 liters) of water in only 13 minutes. _The only truly wild camels that still exist are Bactrian camels. These herds survive in the Gobi Desert of Mongolia and China but number less than 1,000.
Additional Information

Additional Information

SKU 10000364
Length [mm] 130
Width [mm] 37.36
Height [mm] 104.89
Volume [cm³] 92.74
Area [cm²] 201.91